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Dr. Peter G. Bushnell

Peter Bushnell
  • Professor of Physiology
  • B.S. - University of Maryland (1976)
  • M.S. - University of Miami - Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences (1982)
  • Ph.D. - University of Hawaii (1988)
  • Office: Northside 138
  • Phone: 574-520-4888
  • Email: pbushnel AT iusb.edu

Publications

  • Brill, R.W., Bushnell, P.G.., Smith,L., Speaks, C., Sundaram, R., Stroud,E. and Wang, J. (2009) The repulsive and feeding deterrent effects of electropositive metals on juvenile sandbar sharks (Carcharhinus plumbeus). Fishery Bulletin (in press)
  • Skov, P.V., Bushnell P.G., Tirsgaard, B. and J.F. Steffensen (2009). The role of adrenaline in modulating contractile properties of heart muscle in three Notothenioid fishes. Polar Biology. 32: 215-.223.(pdf)

  • Brill, R.W., P.G. Bushnell, S. Schroff, R. Seifert, M. Galvin. (2008) Effects of anaerobic exercise accompanying catch-and-release fishing on blood-oxygen affinity of the sandbar shark(Carcharhinus plumbeus, Nardo). J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 354:132-143. (pdf)

  • Brill, R.W. and P.G. Bushnell (2006). Effects of open and closed-system temperature changes on blood O2-binding characteristics of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus). Fish Physiol. Biochem. 32:283-294. (pdf)

  • Dowd, W. , Brill, R, P.G. Bushnell, J. Musick (2006). Standard and routine metabolic rates of juvenile sandbar sharks (Carcharhinus plumbeus), including the effects of body mass and acute temperature change. Fishery Bulletin 104:332-342.(pdf)

  • Dowd, W. , Brill, R, P.G. Bushnell, J. Musick (2006). Estimating consumption rates of juvenile sandbar sharks (Carcharinus plumbeus) in Chesapeake Bay, Virginia, using a bioenergetics model. Fishery Bulletin 104:323-331.(pdf)

  • Brill, R.W., M. Lutcavage, G. Metzger, P.G. Bushnell, J. Stallings, M. Arendt, J. Lucy, C.W. Watson, and D. Foley (2002).  Horizontal and vertical movements of juvenile northern bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus), in relation to oceanographic conditions of the western North Atlantic, determined with ultrasonic telemetry.  Biological Bulletin 100:155-167. (pdf)

  • Brill, R.W. and P.G. Bushnell (2001) Cardiovascular system of tunas.  In “Fish Physiology, Vol XVIII,  Tuna: Physiological Ecology and Evolution”.  (B.A. Block and E.D. Stevens, eds).  Academic Press, N.Y. pp. 79-112. (pdf)

  • Olson, K.R., M.E. Forster, P.G. Bushnell, and D.W. Duff. (2000) Spontaneous contractions in elasmobranch vessels. J. Exp. Zool.  Zool. 286:606-614 (pdf)

  • Bushnell, P.G., D.J. Conklin, D.W. Duff, and K.R. Olson. (1998)  Tissue and whol-body extracellular, red blood cell, and albumin spaces in rainbow trout as a function of time: A reappraisal of the volume of the secondary system. J. exp. Biol. 201:1381-1391(pdf).

  • Brill, R.W., K.L. Cousins, D.R. Jones, P.G. Bushnell, and J.F. Steffensen (1998).  Blood volume, plasma volume, and circulation time in a high-energy-demand teleolst, the yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares). J. exp. Biol. 201:647-654.(pdf)

  • Bushnell, P.G. (1997) Tunas. Marine Rescource Bulletin 29:3-6.(pdf)

  • Olson, K.R., D.J. Conklin, L., J.M. Conlone, M. Kellog, M.P. Smith, L. Weaver, L. Jr., and P.G. Bushnell, and D.W. Duff (1997) Physiological inactivation of vasoacitve hormones in rainbow trout. J. Exp. Zool. 279:254-264. (pdf)

  • Jones, D.R., P.G Bushnell, B.K. Evans, and J. Baldwin (1994)  Circulation in the Gippsland giant earthworm Megascoloides australis. Physiol. Zool 67(6):1383-1401. (pdf)

  • Bushnell, P.G. and D.R. Jones (1994)  Cardiovascular and respiratory physiology of tuna; adaptations for support of exceptionally high metabolic rates.  Environ. Biol. Fish. 40:303-318 (pdf)

  • Bushnell, P.G., J.F. Steffensen, H. Schurmann, and D.R. Jones (1994)  Exercise metabolism of Greenland cod, Gadus ogac, and Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua, in arctic waters. Polar Biol. 14:43-48 (pdf)

  • Steffensen, J.F., P.G. Bushnell, and H. Schurmann (1994)  Oxygen consumption in four species of teleosts from Greenland: No evidence of metabolic cold adaptation. Polar Biol. 14:49-54 1993 (pdf)

  • Jones, D.R., R.W. Brill, and P.G. Bushnell (1993) Ventricular and arterial dynamics of anesthetized and swimming tuna.  J. exp. Biol. 182:97-105. (pdf)

  • Bushnell, P.G. and R.W. Brill. (1992)  Oxygen transport and cardiovascular responses in skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis) and yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) exposed to acute hypoxia. J. Comp. Physiol. 162:131-143. (pdf)

  • Bushnell, P.G., D.R. Jones, and A.P. Farrell (1992)  The arterial system.  In: "Fish Physiology, Vol XII. Respiratory and Cardiovascular Control". (W.S. Hoar, D.J. Randall and A.P. Farrell, eds.). Academic Press, N.Y. pp. 89-139. (pdf)

  • P.G. Bushnell, D.R. Jones, and M. Shimizu. (1992)  Effects of acute temperature change, in vivo and in vitro, on the acid-base status of blood from yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares). Can. J. Zool. 70(4):654-660 (pdf)

  • Lutcavage, M.E., P.G. Bushnell, and D.R. Jones. (1992)  Oxygen stores during diving in the leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriaceae). Can. J. Zool. 70:348-351. (pdf)

  • Bushnell, P.G. and R.W. Brill. (1991)  Responses of swimming skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis) and yellowfin (Thunnus albacares) tunas to acute hypoxia, and a model of their cardio-respiratory function. Physiol. Zool. 64(3):787-911 (pdf)

  • Brill, R.W. and P.G. Bushnell. (1991)   Effects of open and closed system temperature changes on blood oxygen dissociation curves of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) and skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis).  Can. J. Zool. 69:1814-1821 (pdf)

  • R.W. and P.G. Bushnell. (1991)  Metabolic and cardiovascular scope of high energy demand teleosts-- the tunas.  Can. J. Zool. 69:2002-2009. (pdf)

  • Bushnell, P.G., R.W. Brill, and R.E. Bourke (1990)  Cardiovascular and respiratory responses to hypoxia in two species of obligate ram ventilating fishes, skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) and yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares). Can J. Zool. 68(9):1857-1865.

  • Jones, D.R., R.W. Brill, P.J. Butler, P.G. Bushnell, and M.R.A. Heieis (1990) Ventilation volume in free swimming tunas. J. exp. Biol. 149:491-498. (pdf)

  • Lutcavage, M.E., Bushnell, P.G. and D.R. Jones. (1990)  The oxygen transport properties of leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriaceae) blood. Physiol. Zool. 63(5):1012-1024. (pdf)

  • Bushnell, P.G and K.H. Holland (1989)  Tuna: Athletes in a can. Sea Frontiers 35(1):42-49. (pdf)

  • Bushnell, P.G., P.L. Lutz, and S.H. Gruber (1989)   The metabolic rate of an active, tropical elasmobranch, the lemon shark (Negaprion brevirostris).  Exp. Biol. 48:279-283. (pdf)

  • Brill, R.W. and P.G. Bushnell (1989)   Cardio: A Lotus 1-2-3 based computer program for rapid calculation of cardiac output from dye or thermal dilution curves. Computers in Biology and Medicine. 19(5):361-366.(pdf)

  • Bushnell, P.G. (1988)   Cardiovascular and respiratory responses to hypoxia in three species of obligate ram ventilating fishes, skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis), yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) and bigeye tuna (T. obesus).  PhD Dissertation, University of Hawaii, 265 pp. (pdf)

  • Lisowski, J., P.G. Bushnell, and J. Teeter (1986)  A two-choice recirculation tank for assessing chemosensory preferences of landlocked sea lampreys. Progr. Fish Cult. 48:64-67.

  • Bushnell, P.G., M. Nikinmaa, A.O. Oikari (1985)   Metabolic effects of dehydroabietic acid on rainbow trout erythrocytes.  Comp. Biochem Physiol. 81C(2): 391-394. (pdf)

  • Bushnell, P.G., J.F. Steffensen, K. Johansen (1984)   Oxygen consumption and swimming performance in hypoxia-acclimated rainbow trout, Salmo gairdneri. J. exp. Biol. 113:225-235. (pdf)

  • Steffensen, J.F., K. Johansen, and P.G. Bushnell (1984)  An automated swimming respirometer. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 79A(3):437-440.

  • Bushnell, P.G., P.L. Lutz, J.F. Steffensen, A.O. Oikari, S.H. Gruber (1982) Increases in arterial blood oxygen during exercise in the lemon shark (Negaprion brevirostris). J. Comp. Physiol. 147:41-49. (pdf)

  • Bushnell, P.G. (1982)  Respiratory and circulatory adjustments to exercise in the lemon shark, Negaprion brevirostris (Poey). M.Sc. Thesis, University of Miami, 90 pp.

Abstracts in conference proceedings

  • Brill, R.W., P. Bushnell, L. Smith, C. Speaks, E. Stroud, and J. Wang. (2008). Juvenile sandbar shark aversion to electropositive metal. Shark Deterrent and Incidental Capture Workshop. April 10-11, 2008, Boston, MA.

  • Brill, R.W., P. G. Bushnell, C. Speaks, L. Smith, and R. Sundaram. Investigating the shark repellent properties of electropositive metals (2008) .19th Annual Argonne Symposium for Undergraduates in Science, Engineering, and Mathematics. #255.

  • Capossela, K.M., R.W. Brill, M.C. Fabrizio, and P.G. Bushnell (2008). Physiological responses and tolerances of adult summer flounder (Paralichthys dentatus) experiencing hypoxia at two temperatures. 11th Flatfish Biology Conference, Northeast Fisheries Science Center Reference Document 08-19, pg 18

  • Skov, P.; Bushnell, P.; Tirsgaard, B.; Steffensen, J. (2008).The role of adrenaline as a modulator of cardiac performance in three Notothenioid fishes. Comp. Biochem Physiol A 150(3), S97.

  • Bushnell, P.G.,R. Brill, S. Schroff, R. Seifert, M. Galvin, and J. Musick (2006). Anaerobic exercise results in functional red cell swelling in sandbar sharks (Carcharhinus plumbeus). VIIth International Congress on the Biology of Fish, Pg 69.

  • Galvin, M.R. , P.G. Bushnell, R.W. Brill, and S. Schroff (2004). Blood oxygen binding and the response to stress in the sandbar shark (Carcharhinus plumbeus). 15th National Conference on Undergraduate Research, Indianapolis, In. Pg. 333.

  • Seifert, R.S, P.G. Bushnell, and R.W. Brill. Biochemical evaluation of condition and metabolism in the Atlantic croaker (Micropoganias undulatus). 15th Annual Argonne Symposium for Undergraduates in Science, Engineering and Mathematics, Chicago, Il. Pg 17.

  • Galvin, M.R. , P.G. Bushnell, R.W. Brill, and S. Schroff (2004). Blood oxygen binding characteristics of the sandbar shark. Indiana University Undergraduate Research Confrence. Pg. 39.

  • Bushnell, P.G. (1998) Cardiorespiratory responses of tuna to acute hypoxia. Symposium proceedings: Fish Cardiovascular Function: Control Mechanisms and Environmental Influences; International Congress on the Biology of Fish. 131-135.

  • Bushnell, P.G., J.F. Steffensen, R.W. Brill, and D.R. Jones (1997) Macromolecular capillary permeability of three species of fish. FASEB Journal 11(3): A95.

  • Ebeid, M. and P.G. Bushnell (1996)  Primary and secondary system volume estimates in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).  Indiana University Undergraduate Research Symposium.

  • Bushnell, P.G., D.J. Conklin, D.W. Duff, and K.R. Olson (1994)  Red blood cell, plasma, and extracellular tissue spaces in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).  The Physiologist 37(5):A65.

  • Duff, DW., P.G. Bushnell, D.J. Conklin, and K.R.Olson (1994)  Effect of atrial natriuretic peptide on whole body and tissue blood and extracellular fluid volumes in the rainbow trout.  The Physiologist 37(5):A95.

  • Bushnell, P.G., R.W. Brill, and D.R. Jones (1991)  Cardio-respiratory systems of tunas and billfishes; adaptations for support of exceptionally high metabolic rates. International Union of Biological Sciences-3rd International congress of comparative physiology and biochemistry.  pp 51. 1990

  • Bushnell, P.G. and R.W. Brill (1990)   Oxygen transport in tunas during acute hypoxia.  The Physiologist 33(4):A-69.

  • Brill, R.W. and P.G. Bushnell (1990)  Metabolic and cardiac scope of high energy demand teleosts-the tunas. Bull. Can. Soc. Zool. 21(2):28.

  • Brill, R.W. and P.G. Bushnell (1990)   Effects of open and closed system temperature changes on blood oxygen dissociation curves.  The Physiologist 33(4):A-68.

  • Jones, D.R., P.G. Bushnell, B.K. Evans, and J. Baldwin (1990)  Cardiovascular physiology of the giant earthworm Megascoloides australis.  Bull. Can. Soc. Zool. 21(2):58.

  • Lutcavage, M.E., P.G. Bushnell, and D.R. Jones (1990)  Oxygen stores and aerobic metabolism in leatherback sea turtles.  The Physiologist 33(4):A-90.

  • Bushnell, P.G. (1989)   Cardiovascular and respiratory responses to acute hypoxia in restrained and free-swimming tunas.  Pacific Science 43(2):188.

  • Brill, R.W. and P.G. Bushnell (1989)   Low ambient oxygen tolerance of tropical tunas: Results of experimental and modeling efforts. Proc. of 39th Annual Tuna Confer.

  • Brill, R.W., D.R. Jones, and P.G. Bushnell (1989)   Effects of temperature on the acid/base balance of isolated whole blood and plasma of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares).  Proc. Int. Union Physiol. Sciences.

  • Lutcavage, M.E., Bushnell, P.G. and D.R. Jones. (1989)  Oxygen transport in the leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriaceae).  American Zoologist 29(4):56A.

  • Bushnell, P.G. and R.W. Brill (1987)   Cardiorespiratory response in spinally blocked and free-swimming tunas exposed to hypoxia.  The Physiologist 30(4):189.

  • Brill, R.W. and P.G. Bushnell (1987)  Heart rate responses of swimming yellowfin and skipjack tunas exposed to brief periods of lowered ambient oxygen.  Proc. of 38th Annual Tuna Confer.

  • Bushnell, P.G., R.W. Brill, and R.E. Bourke (1986)   Changes in respiratory and cardiovascular parameters in two species of tuna exposed to acute hypoxia. Proc. Int. Union Physiol. Sciences 16:411.

  • Jones, D.R., R.W. Brill, P.J. Butler, P.G. Bushnell, and M. Heieis (1986)   Gill ventilation and perfusion in free swimming tuna. Proc. of 37th Annual Tuna Confer., p. 30.

  • Bushnell, P.G., P.L. Lutz, J.F. Steffensen, A. Oikari, and S.H. Gruber (1981)  Blood oxygen transport in the lemon shark.  Fed. Proc. 40(2):1136.