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Hank's Pool Hall

4) Hank's Pool Hall

Northeast corner of Washington and Birdsell streets

Zilford Carter

Hank Hill’s Pool Hall was the center of local black political power for several decades, beginning in 1929. Upstairs from the pool hall was the Sanhedrin Club, the unofficial black Republican and Democratic leadership of South Bend, which organized voters and pushed for jobs for African Americans. It also housed the law office of Zilford Carter, a leading attorney in the fight to integrate the Natatorium, among other important NAACP and civil rights battles. The back of the building housed a lean-to barbershop owned by Submarine Ford, a former African American baseball pitcher for the Foundry Giants. The pool hall also was home to a community food pantry and the New Testament Church.