The National Council of Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) Report No. 39-1971), recommends that during the entire gestation period, the maximum permissible dose equivalent to the fetus from occupational exposure of the expectant mother, should not exceed 0.5 rem (500 millirems during the nine months of pregnancy).
If a Radiographer uses the proper radiation protection measures, and is always in a shielded area when exposures are made, never holds a patient or films during exposure, etc., she should not be receiving over 30 millirems per month in any case. (This converts to approximately 360 millirems, or 0.36 rem per year, which is considerably below the limits of the cited NCRP report). Although we make every effort to have the most current information it is your responsibility to stay updated on any changes.
In keeping with the United States Nucular Regulatory Commission Regulatory Guide 8:13, if a student becomes pregnant it is her choice whether to notify the Radiography Program and the applicable clinical education site of her pregnancy.
If the student decides to notify the Radiography Program, she must do so in writing to the Program Director. The Program director will in turn notify the clinical education site and schedule an appointment for the student with the Radiation Safety Officer at the clinical education site. The Radiation Safety Officer will advise the student of potential radiation risks to herself and her unborn fetus and explain what radiation protection measures will be utilized.
The Program Director and Radiation Safety Officer shall collaborate in a review of the previous occupational radiation exposure of the pregnant student.
Upon confirmation of pregnancy; the student will submit a statement from her physician, verifying pregnancy and expected due date. The statement must include the physician's recommendation as to which of the following options would be advisable:
Immediate withdrawal from the Radiography Program.
Continued full-time status with limited rotation in fluoroscopy, portable/surgery procedures, special procedures, CT scanning, including appropriate radiation safety precautions.
Every attempt will be made by the program administration to schedule the student, at least for the first semester or gestation, in areas which do not involve fluoroscopy, mobile/operating procedures, specialized procedures, or CT scanning. When it is necessary for the student to be scheduled in the afore mentioned procedures, she is to wear a lead apron of at least 0.25 mm lead equivalency, when performing radiologic procedures that do not prermit protection by structural shielding (e.i. control booth).
Also, she shall be adequately monitored with a film badge above the lead apron, at the collar region, and another film badge at the waist level under the apron. A dosimeter may also be required by the Radiation Safety Officer. These monitoring devises shall be worn during the entire gestation period, and the maximal permissible dose, equivalent to the expectant mother from occupational exposure, shall not exceed 0.5 rem (500 mrem). It should be noted, that the radiologic procedures and activities, do not need to be restricted, but may be whenever possible.
The program director will monitor the student's radiation dosage to insure that compliance with stated radiation standards are being met. The physician's statement shall be attached to this copy of the policy. The student must sign the is copy as proof that she has read and understands the procedure.
If the student withdraws from the program, she shall be given the option to reapply within a two-year period. A readmitted student, with a past good standing status, shall be required to repeat that semester during which she left.